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Horvitz & Levy is a solutions-based firm focused on appellate success. We are distinguished by our commitment to responsive service and on-going innovation in the areas of civil appellate litigation, amicus curiae support, and trial strategy consultation.

Our firm history, honors and awards, and locations speak to our collaborative approach and commitment to serving clients as well as the outstanding legal resources we bring to bear.


Reina Alvarez appealed from the trial court’s decision to issue a mutual domestic violence restraining order against her and her ex-husband Alber Silva. Reina asserted that the court erred because it (a) failed to make findings that both parties were primary aggressors and that neither acted primarily in self-defense, (b) lacked substantial evidence to support a restraining order against Reina, and (c) made multiple evidentiary errors.

The Court of Appeal reversed the restraining order against Reina and remanded for further proceedings, leaving the restraining order protecting Reina from Alber intact. The court concluded that the trial court lacked jurisdiction to issue a restraining order against Reina without making the required detailed findings of fact.